Nine types of skin problems for newborn babies need to be careful
When a baby is born, his skin is often unpredictable.
Sometimes the skin on the small hands and feet may suddenly become thick and dry and begin to peel.
This often causes the new mommy to panic and panic. I don’t know what happened to the baby!
In fact, these changes in baby confinement are mainly temporary physiological changes, and Mommy need not panic.
With proper care, the baby will have no problems.
First, erythema appears on the skin. When the baby is born, the stratum corneum on the skin surface is not fully formed, the dermis is thin, there is less fibrous tissue, and the capillary network develops well.
Therefore, some slight irritation, such as clothing, drugs, etc., often occur. Baby’s skin is congested, and it appears as polymorphous erythema of varying sizes and unclear edges.
However, most of these erythema are on the baby’s head, face, torso, and limbs, and they do not necessarily make the baby feel uncomfortable.
Mummy’s proper coping method: 1. This erythema is a normal physiological change and does not require treatment. It usually subsides within 1-2 days, and Mummy need not worry.
2. Mummy should never apply drugs or other things casually. The baby’s skin and blood vessels are very rich, and the absorption and permeability are also very strong.
Incorrect handling can cause contact dermatitis, which can be cumbersome.
Second, pigmented spots appear on the skin Baby pigmented plaques appear on the baby’s skin, Mummy will be very anxious.
In fact, this is a birthmark, but many moms do not know this well, often mistakenly think that it is caused by injuries during delivery, or mistakenly think that the baby was injured by someone else.
Pigment spots are pigment spots formed by the accumulation of deep pigment cells in the skin, often appearing between the small butt and the waist; or on the tail and back of the palate.
The appearance is cyan or blue-gray, blue-green spots, the patches may be only a large piece, or there may be several pieces, the shape is irregular, irregular, most of the Oriental people say that they will have this pigmentation at birth.
Mummy’s proper coping method: 1. In general, there is no need for treatment. Plaques will change and the baby’s age will gradually fade, and it will gradually disappear before about 7 years old.
2. If the color of the pigmented spots gradually turns to brown, especially when there are a large number, and the range is large, you should take your baby to the hospital regularly to prevent cerebral nodular sclerosis, a disease in the neurocutaneous syndrome.
Third, skin peeling newborn baby, the cuticle of the skin’s top surface is thin, the connection between the epidermis and the dermis is not very tight.
As a result, their ankles, soles, and wrists often have dry, rough skin and peeling.
In general, this phenomenon is most severe a week after birth and then gradually decreases.
Mummy responds properly: 1. Do not wash the water at too high a temperature, or it will aggravate dry or peeling skin.
2. Do not use baby soap or other cleaning supplies excessively when cleaning, this will also make peeling worse.
3. When the baby is peeling, do not rub the dander with towels or hands.
These dander should be reduced naturally to prevent skin damage, infection and even sepsis.
4. If you want your baby’s skin to be more moisturized, you should first consult a doctor and use a safe and mild baby-specific moisturizing skin care product under the guidance of the doctor.
Fourth, the baby born with small blood spots on the skin, sometimes crying suddenly, suffocating during hypoxia, or the fetal head is rubbed during surgery, may cause some bleeding points on the skin.
Seeing such a bleeding point, Mummy often mistakenly had problems with the baby’s blood, and was very anxious.
This phenomenon has nothing to do with hematological diseases. It is the increased permeability of the blood vessel wall, and a small amount of subcutaneous bleeding caused by external forces pressing the rupture of the capillaries.
Mummy responds properly: 1. The bleeding point on the skin does not need to be applied with any medication, and it will subside after a few days.
2. If the bleeding point does not shrink or continue to increase, ask the doctor to further check platelets, except for blood and infectious diseases.
Fifth, the skin turns yellow. The skin of newborn babies will turn yellow to varying degrees. This is a normal physiological phenomenon called neonatal physical jaundice.
This phenomenon often occurs 2-3 days after the baby is born. It manifests as pale yellow skin, yellowish white eyes, slightly yellow urine but no yellow diapers, but the baby is strong in feeding, his limbs are good, and his cry is loud.
7-9 days after birth, the yellow ends of the skin gradually subsided.
The occurrence of physiological jaundice is caused by the spontaneous breathing established by the newborn baby.
Spontaneous breathing increases the oxygen concentration in the blood, so excess red blood cells in the body are destroyed and broken down into bilirubin, which increases the metabolically bound bilirubin in the blood.
But the baby’s liver development is still immature, and the increased bilirubin in the blood cannot be processed immediately, so bilirubin has to be deposited on the skin, making the skin yellow.
Mummy responds properly: 1. Babies born at full term do not need any special treatment, and will gradually subside after a few days.
2. If skin yellowing occurs 3 days after birth, but does not resolve after 10 days; or it reappears after resolving, or jaundice significantly worsens, you should go to the hospital for treatment in time. 3, if the baby is premature, jaundice should be carefully observed, if necessary, go to the hospital for phototherapy and medication.
Six, yellow and white rash on the skin Many moms will find that their newborn baby, nose tip, nose wing or small shells, are covered with small yellow and white rashes.The result of hormonal action.
Although babies are born, androgen that can be derived from the mother still makes their sebaceous glands secretive.
Mummy responds properly: 1. Generally speaking, this yellow-white miliary rash will be absorbed by the baby 4-6 months after birth.
Do not squeeze it manually to avoid local infection.
2. Do not apply drugs to the rash at will, so as not to cause adverse reactions.
Seven, when the baby has red plaques on the skin, some red plaques can be seen on the delicate skin, especially when the baby is crying, the red plaques will be more obvious.
These red plaques are hemangiomas, which occur more frequently on the baby’s face, neck, and occipital region, but not above the skin.
Mummy responds correctly: 1. Do not allow the red plaque surface to be stimulated by friction, etc., to avoid bruising and bacterial infection.
2. If the hemangioma suddenly grows quickly in a short period of time, you should go to the hospital as soon as possible.
3. If the baby has erythema and is accompanied by smoking or mental retardation, he should go to the hospital as soon as possible to check whether he has a cerebral hemangioma.
Eight, the skin has a milky substance. At birth, the baby will carry a thin layer of milky oil on the skin, and some people will quickly wipe it off.
In fact, this thin layer of oil is fetal fat, which is formed by secretions of sebaceous glands and replaced epidermal cells.
Fetal fat protects their skin from the infiltration of amniotic fluid when the fetus is inside the mummy.
When the baby is born, the fetal fat completely protects the skin. If the ambient temperature is low and the baby’s body parts are scattered around, the body temperature is kept constant.
Mummy responds properly: 1. Generally, fetal fat is absorbed by the baby 1-2 days after birth, and Mummy does not have to wipe it off.
2. When the fetal fat is absorbed, you can bathe the baby, but gently scrub the skin.
Nine, marble patterns appear on the skin The skin of the baby’s body often appears like marble, with blue flowers and stripes, especially when the temperature is low. I wonder why?
Under normal circumstances, many small vascular plexuses are distributed deep in the human skin to regulate temperature changes.
Therefore, these vascular networks are very sensitive to temperature.
When the ambient temperature decreases, the vascular plexus shrinks, the lumen becomes smaller, and blood flow becomes slower, causing some blood to stay in the superficial venous plexus.
Due to the increased oxygen content in the venous blood, the blood is darkened and bluish.
Since the baby’s skin is very thin, the skin looks like marble with dark blue flowers and stripes.
Mummy responds properly: 1. If it appears due to cold body, don’t worry, just keep warm.
2, when there are certain diseases in the baby’s body, this flower stripes can also appear.
Therefore, after excluding the cold condition of the skin, if the pattern still does not disappear, you should take your baby to the doctor for further examination.